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Manually Changing the Domain of Your WordPress Site
There may come a time when you need to duplicate the content of your WordPress site and use it on a different domain name. Perhaps you are promoting a product that is known by more than one name, and you would like to have separate domains for each product name.
Instead of designing a new site for each and every domain, you may choose to use the content that already exists on one of your current domains. The following article will guide you through duplicating a WordPress site.
Note: Please be aware that following the steps below may not be enough to successfully change your domain due to the way WordPress communicates with the server. It is recommended that you make a full backup of your website using the Backups button in cPanel before proceeding with the remaining steps in this article.
Step 1: Copy Files to the New Domain
To add a new domain, go to cPanel > Addon Domains; then complete the following steps to copy files to your new domain.
- From the cPanel homepage, open File Manager.
- Open the public_html folder.
- Along the top of the screen, click Select all.
- Press and hold the Ctrl key while clicking (un-selecting) the following folders in your public_html folder:
- addon domain folder
- With the files still highlighted, click Copy in the top menu of the File Manager. A pop-up will open showing the following path: /public_html
- Type the name of the addon domain folder to which you are copying the files. This box should now look similar to: /public_html/addondomainname.com
(Replace addondomainname.com with the actual domain.)
- Click Copy File(s).
Step 2: Create a New MySQL Database
Once the files have been copied over to your addon domain folder, in another screen, open the MySQL Database Wizard in cPanel. This is where you will need to create a new MySQL database.
Step 3: Edit the WordPress .config File for your New Site
To edit the wp-config.php file for WordPress:
- In cPanel, go to File Manager.
- Open the public_html folder and locate your addon domain folder.
- Right-click on the wp-config.php file and click Code Edit.
- When this page opens, edit the following information to reflect the values that were assigned to the new database that was created in the previous step.
- Click Save Changes.
Your wp-config.php file should now reflect the correct database name, database user and database password. This is essential for WordPress to know which database to obtain the information from.
Step 4: Export the Database
Export the database from the primary domain and import it into the newly created database. For help with this process, please refer to the following articles:
Step 5: Update the Database
The database settings must be updated to reflect the new domain name information.
- Go into cPanel, and click on the phpMyAdmin icon.
- In the left navigation panel, click on the newly created database name.
- In the left navigation panel, click wp_options.
- Click Edit on the siteurl line.
- Change the primary domain name to the addon domain name.
- Click Go.
- Click Edit on the blogname line.
- Change the blog name to reflect your new blog, and click Go.
- Click Edit on the blogdescription line.
- Change the blog description to reflect your new blog, and click Go.
- In the left navigation panel, click wp_users.
- Click Edit on theuser_login line and change the user name to reflect a new login username of your choice.
- On the user_nicename line, change it there as well. For security purposes, do not use Admin as either username.
- On the user_pass line, highlight and delete the characters already in that box.
- Create a new password of your choice.
- To the left of that is the varchar(64) box; click the down arrow and select MD5.
- Click Go.
You can test these changes by visiting http://yourblogname.com/wp-login.php (replace yourblogname.com with your actual domain name).
You should now be able to log in to your newly imported WordPress site.
Step 6: Update the Database Tables
Once the domain is working and you can log in to the WordPress Dashboard of the new site, install the Search and Replace plugin. It will allow you to search all of the tables in the database, search for your old domain and replace each instance with your new domain. You can uninstall the plugin after the tables have been updated. In addition to to the database, you should check your site for any links hard-coded into widgets, etc. Those links will need to be manually edited to reference your new site address. For additional information on using this plugin, please review the following article:
Step 7: Update WordPress
- Log in to your WordPress Dashboard.
- In the left navigation menu, go to Settings.
- Click General.
- WordPress Address (URL)
- Site Address (URL)